member updates

In The May Issue:

CrossRef Member Update

Ed Pentz, Executive Director

May 14, 2002

Members, Affiliates and Agents

Members: 122 - http://www.crossref.org/members.htm

Affiliates: 20 - http://www.crossref.org/affiliates.htm

Agents: Allen Press, BioOne, American Institute of Physics, ingenta/CatchWord, HighWire, J-Stage, Project Euclid and Metapress

Library Affiliates: 35 - http://www.crossref.org/libraries.htm

System Stats (as of May 14, 2002)

6128 (5997 in March) total journals in database

4,876,660 (4,613,012 in April) records in database

Members: 121 (113 in March)

Depositor Reports - http://mddb1.crossref.org/crossref/reports/
Status Page - http://www.crossref.org/members_only/status.html - the Status Page has been updated so that the query matching rates can be viewed by month for all members.
Go Live Table - http://www.crossref.org/members_only/golive.html
(cr_member/ref-linking to login)

Journal Inventory

Thank you to those who have responded to the Journal Survey this information will be very important for planning CrossRef growth and for budgeting purposes. 78% of members have responded so far. We will be contacting those who havent yet responded to do so.

Administrative Issues

Invoicing. The next invoices will be sent at the beginning of July for the 2nd quarter. Price increases will take effect on July 1, 2002.

Fees as of July 1, 2002 (fees not listed remain the same)

Deposits

Current year content (items published in 2002)

$ 0.65

Back file content (items published 2001 and before)

$ 0.11

Retrievals (members and affiliates)

Fee

$ 0.11

Local Host Fees

Per Record Delivered

$ 0.08

CrossRef Search Project

The CrossRef Search project would aim to create a high-quality, broad, full-text, cross-publisher search service. This would be an opportunity for publishers to add value and make accessing full-text content easier for scholars.

CrossRef has been working with a consultant on a feasibility study of doing a "CrossSearch" project. The conclusion of the report is that a full-text search service with a critical mass of relevant information, properly organized and easy-to-use, would be very useful and successful among librarians and scholars.

The report to CrossRef, a market research and feasibility study, involved input from primary publishers, secondary publishers, scientists and scholars and librarians on whether a CrossRef search service would be useful and what criteria the service would have to meet to be valuable. Librarians and scientists were generally very positive (see the information about the CrossRef LAB below) about a high quality search service, especially one that had good classification technology, was based on full text and was cross disciplinary.

There are two views in the feedback from publishers those that think the service is a great idea and that CrossRef should be in the lead and those that are concerned that the service would divert resources from CrossRefs main mission. On the technology side, initial quotes were received from 8 potential technology vendors this was to determine technical capabilities and to get ballpark cost estimates.

Some analysis was done on potential business models to pay for the service and the best approach seems to be a tiered annual participation charge, similar to the annual CrossRef membership fee, and a per-record fee for articles indexed. Participation of CrossRef members would be optional. It wont be difficult to cover the ongoing running costs, but substantial up-front commitments from some CrossRef members will be necessary to fund the startup costs. Also, the best approach is to keep the funding and costs for the CrossRef Search Service separate from other CrossRef costs and activities.

The CrossRef search project report was discussed at the last board of directors meeting. The current plan is to put a full proposal before the members before the September Annual Meeting. In order to get full information on costs and determine the functionality of the service in detail, a prototype may be developed with a small group of publishers working with one of the technology vendors. There was general consensus on the board that further expenditure (within the allocated budget) on consulting resources to investigate a potential service was reasonable. Moving forward with the full service will require support from CrossRef members and separate funding from current CrossRef activities.

Recruitment and Member Communication

A very favorable article about CrossRef and the DOI appeared in the April 2002 issue of the library publication "Technicalities." This month Amy Brand made appearances at a NeliNet seminar on linking, at NyLink, and at the Council of Science Editors.

Ed Pentz gave three seminars in Japan organized by Maruzen, a CrossRef Affiliate. The seminars were very well attended by academic and corporate librarians (Tokyo 100, Nagoya 50, Osaka 60), who seemed very interested in CrossRef and DOI developments. These talks helped raise the profile of CrossRef and DOI in Japan. During this trip a membership and agent agreement were signed with the Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). JST's J-STAGE hosts journals for Japanese societies and they will be depositing for 30 journals initially. JST will also be adding DOIs to their JOIS secondary database. We are very pleased to have this international participation.

Among the eight new members (for a total of 122) this month are The Company of Biologists and JST. We are now up to 20 affiliates. Endeavor joined as a new affiliate this month and will begin to offer libraries a localized linking solution with DOI redirection through their LinkFinderPlus product. We also have as an agent Project Euclid, a partnership of independent publishers of mathematics and statistics journals, housed at Cornell University.

Library Advisory Board (LAB)

The first LAB meeting was held on April 15 in Washington, DC. In attendance were:

Miriam Blake, Los Alamos National Laboratory

Priscilla Caplan, Florida Center for Library Automation

Dale Flecker, Harvard University

Chuck Hamacker, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

James Neal, Columbia University

JoAnne Sparks, Bristol-Myers Squibb

Margery Tibbetts, California Digital Library

Dr. Eric F. Van de Velde, California Institute of Technology

Beth Forrest Warner, University of Kansas

as well as CrossRef Board of Directors members Eric Swanson, Craig van Dyck, Michael Spinella, Linda Beebe, Karen Hunter, Carol Richman, Tim Ingoldsby and Ed Pentz and Amy Brand from CrossRef.

CrossRef formed the Library Advisory Board to ensure that we make decisions about CrossRef services that are well informed as to the behavior and requirements of end-users and the institutions they work in. We want the Library Advisory Board to serve as an open forum for discussion about future technical developments at CrossRef, localized linking solutions for institutions, rights resolution, document delivery, usage statistics, business models for content delivery, digital archiving, and metadata standards, among other important issues facing information professionals today.

The two main topics for discussion at the first meeting were CrossSearch, and library experience with access to and purchase of full-text articles. There was unanimous library support for CrossSearch as a cross-disciplinary, full-text search platform; no other potential development at CrossRef was considered a higher priority apart from wider adoption of CrossRef and digitization of back-file content. There was some discussion of whether is was better to try to work sophisticated indexing into full-text search, or just go for a "quick and dirty" approach, with the understanding that users would use specialized subject A&I databases for deeper searching. It was recommended that the search interface be designed to include very easy "known-item" searching.

The CrossRef Library Advisory Board also discussed article access at the April 15 meeting. Most libraries already offer multiple ways for their patrons to purchase or access articles the library does not hold. If CrossRef publishers do not support single-article purchase, the obvious alternative for libraries is DOI redirection to a localized linking agent that supports single-article access where appropriate, and as under library control. What the libraries want to avoid is writing a blank check for users to purchase articles at will, especially students who often dont know what they are requesting. Most libraries have instituted ways of filtering requests, so that there is a substantial delay between the request and the delivery. There was some discussion about the possibility of CrossRef creating its own federated payment system, or cross-publisher e-commerce platform, but it would have to be compatible with library systems for filtering article requests.

Minutes of the meeting are available on request from Amy Brand, abrand@crossref.org.

CrossRef System

DOI Guidelines Case Sensitivity at the last TWG meeting there was a discussion about case sensitivity in DOI suffixes. The NISO DOI Syntax standard calls for the DOI Suffix to be case sensitive. The DOI System (using Handle System technology) can be configured to be either case sensitive or case insensitive and at the moment it is set to be case insensitive. In the current system, this means that 10.1004/Aa123 is converted to 10.1004/AA123 and that either uppercase or lowercase will resolve - 10.1004/Aa123 and 10.1004/aA123 are both valid. So at present there is a discrepancy between the standard and how the system has been implemented.

The options are to update the Syntax standard to be case insensitive or to make the current DOI system case sensitive. Discussion with the TWG indicated that case sensitive resolution may be too strict - publishers may register the case incorrectly or users could enter the case incorrectly when typing a DOI (with the suffix case sensitive and the DOI, 10.1004/Aa123, registered in the system, 10.1004/AA123 would NOT resolve). Therefore, the best option might be to revise the Syntax standard in light of the practical experience with registering and using DOIs over the last two years.

New Schema & Content Types - We need more sample data for conference proceedings and books and testing of the new schema should be started information on the schema and a test interface is available on the TWG page - http://www.crossref.org/members_only/twg/twg.htm. Please contact Amy Brand regarding sample data (abrand@crossref.org).

System Rewrite a Beta version of the new system is available and testing is getting underway. The System Rewrite Group is meeting regularly to review the development of a test and acceptance specification. More general member testing will take place in June.

Parameter Passing the group will be meeting in the next week to get a prototype underway. We are looking for participants for the parameter passing prototype. Please contact Ed Pentz (epentz@crossref.org).

DOI Proxy Server http://dx.doi.org/ - the page displayed by the proxy server is being updated to be more user friendly. The DOI Guidelines recommend that in print people can be directed to resolve DOIs at http://dx.doi.org/. A draft of the page that will be implemented shortly is at http://hs8.cnri.reston.va.us:8000/

Reminder: the email address support@crossref.org can be used for general technical support issues and any problems with DOIs not resolving.

Reference Linking

44 members are creating reference links. Those publishers creating reference links are:

AAAS(SCIENCE)

ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA (ASA)

ALPSP (ASSOCIATION OF LEARNED AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY PUBLISHERS)

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PHYSICISTS IN MEDICINE (AAPM)

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PHYSICS TEACHERS (AAPT)

AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL PHYSICS (ACMP)

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (AIP)

AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY (APS)

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (ASBMB)

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS (ASCE)

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT BIOLOGISTS

AMERICAN VACUUM SOCIETY (AVS)

ANNUAL REVIEWS

ARNOLD PUBLISHERS

ASME INTERNATIONAL

ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM)

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING SOCIETY (BMES)

BLACKWELL PUBLISHING

COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY PRESS (CSHL)

ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY

ELSEVIER SCIENCE Academic Press, Mosby, Saunders, Cell Press

GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA (GSA)

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (IOP)

INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS (IEE)

INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR DIFFRACTION DATA (ICDD)

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (IUCr)

JOHN WILEY & SONS

MAIK-NAUKA INTERPERIODICA

MARY ANN LIEBERT

NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP

PION, LTD

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (PNAS)

ROCKEFELLER UNIVERSITY PRESS

ROYAL SOCIETY

SOCIETY FOR EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICS

SOCIETY OF RHEOLOGY (SOR)

SPIE-INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF OPTICAL ENGINEERING

SPRINGER-VERLAG

TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP

THIEME PUBLISHING GROUP

TURPION

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS

WORLD SCIENTIFIC

DOI Resolutions

A high level of resolutions has been maintained. The 1.2 million resolutions in April are a large increase over the 352,000 resolutions in April 2001.

May 2000 - ?87,509

December 2000 - 250,666

January 2001 - 336,290

June 2001 ?364,977

November 2001 - 765,188

December 2001 - 628,844

January 2002 488,639

February 2002 953,280

March 2002 - ?1,007,923

April 2002 - ?1,262,454

International DOI Foundation (IDF) Update

An HTML of the DOI Handbook is available - http://www.doi.org/hb.html.

Adobe Support there was a very productive meeting with Adobe about including support for DOIs in the Adobe Reader (the separate e-book reader and Acrobat Reader are being merged). To quote from the latest IDF Directors Report:

A video/teleconference took place on March 12th between Adobe, various IDF and CrossRef members, and CNRI to make the business case to Adobe that they should recognize the DOI as a way to work with publishers to add value to their tools while allowing the publishers to add value to their content. It was presented as an excellent opportunity for Adobe and the DOI publishing community to work together to their mutual benefit. Both the CrossRef and LON communities were clearly of interest to Adobe. There was not much technical content to the teleconference discussion, which was appropriate, and the business case was made mainly by laying out the existing usage, evolving plans, and the publishers' strong support of DOI. It appeared to be well received. The Adobe side has now appointed technical point persons on their side with whom Larry Lannom is working to lay out the possibilities: this is also highly relevant to the TWG work and Larry is using this as an aid to defining the service framework.

This is a very positive development and could lead to references being linked in PDFs by just including doi:xxxx rather than by hard-coding a URL with the DOI proxy server address (dx.doi.org).

CAL (the Copyright Agency Ltd, Australia) was appointed the fifth Registration Agency (RA). CAL administers copyright for thousands of authors, journalists and publishers by granting permission and collecting payments for the right to reproduce work. CAL is looking at assigning DOIs to books, journal titles and newspaper articles.

The IDF and ONIX issued a press release about cooperation between the two groups - http://www.doi.org/news/020319-Editeur.html. Both organizations will work to make sure the DOI and ONIX systems are interoperable.

Registration Agency Working Group (RAWG) and Technical Working Group (TWG) The RAWG will soon be receiving draft legal agreements for review and a proposal for a multiple resolution/extended services prototype is being developed.

Recent and Upcoming Presentations

ALA, January 2002, Amy Brand

IDF Seminar NY, Craig van Dyck, January 2002

IDF Seminar DC, Michael Spinella, February 2002

NFAIS, February 2002, Ed Pentz

4th Annual ScienceDirect Meeting, March, Ed Pentz

CERN/Swiss National Library, Library Science Talks, March 2002, Ed Pentz

SSP Linking Seminar, March 2002, Amy Brand

Nelinet Seminar, April 2002, Ed Pentz

NYLink, April 2002, Amy Brand

Council of Science Editors, May 2002, Amy Brand

SSP, May 2002, Ed Pentz

American Society for Engineering Education, June 2002, Ed Pentz

copyright 2002, pila, inc. all rights reserved