April 2014

Ed PentzFrom the Executive Director

As usual CrossRef had a busy start to the year. Growth in membership and existing services has continued at similar rates to previous years, demonstrating that CrossRef is far from a “mature” system – there are over 66 million content items and close to 5,000 participating organizations from 100 countries around the world. In addition, there were over 1 billion CrossRef DOI resolutions (clicks on CrossRef DOIs) in 2013. There’s new stuff too – CrossMark is starting to take off, and we’ve added funding, licensing and text and data mining metadata that will enable a range of new services. A big project we’ve been working on is looking at the branding and naming of CrossRef and the many services that we have (see below). Over the years we’ve built up a lot of “sub-brands” and things have gotten a little confusing in some areas, so look for more information this year about this issue. To keep up-to-date attend one of the many webinars we have on offer and come along to the Annual Meeting in London in November.

CrossRef DOIs in Use: Metadata in Multiple Languages

We have always been an international organization, but as of this year CrossRef’s publisher members span 100 countries. With such a diverse membership, many different languages are represented. Below please find examples of metadata listed in the original language of publication, in English and in some cases a third language. In many cases the full text is only available in one language but the metadata (particularly the title) and abstract may be in multiple languages. In cases where the full text is also available in more than one language, the issue of assigning a separate DOI arises – see CrossRef’s current advice on the issue - separate DOIs for the different language versions of the full text can be assigned, but this is optional.

The first example shows a landing page of the journal SFS NIPPON SUISAN GAKKAISHI. There’s an option to view it in both Japanese and English. The metadata is provided in both Japanese and English.

This is an example of a landing page of the journal Comunicar – its metadata is listed in both Spanish and English and there’s an option to view it in Chinese.

The last example is from the Turkish journal Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal lists its metadata
in both Turkish and English.

CrossRef Text and Data Mining Service Launching in May

In May 2014, CrossRef plans to launch its new text and data mining service. After a successful pilot under the name “Prospect,” CrossRef’s support for publishers to simplify text and data mining access for researchers involves two components:

  1. A CrossRef API researchers can use to access the full text of content identified by CrossRef DOIs across publisher sites and regardless of their business model.
  2. An optional click-through service that researchers and publishers can use as an efficient mechanism to provide “click-through” agreement of proprietary TDM licenses, if the publisher requires them.

Both components are free to use by researchers and the public.

CrossRef metadata already contains over 130,000 full-text links deposited by a number of publisher members, including Hindawi, the American Chemical Society (ACS), and the American Institute of Physics. For more information on this service and to find out what publishers need to do to support it, visit our text and data mining support site. For a walk-through of the service, both publishers and researchers can join one of our upcoming free text and data mining webinars. If you have more questions, please email us.

The CrossRef Text and Data Mining initiative is set to launch in Spring 2014.

FundRef from CrossRef: Funder and Licensing Information

Since the launch of CrossRef’s FundRef funder identification service, the number of CrossRef DOIs with funder and grant information has grown to more than 60,000 articles  and other scholarly documents as of the end of March. More than 40 CrossRef members are depositing funding information, and we expect strong growth in the next few months. The FundRef Registry, a list of funding organizations from around the world, now fundref logocontains 6,100 funders, up from 4,700 at launch in May last year. CrossRef members participating in FundRef and submitting funding information can be viewed on the FundRef web page. All CrossRef members are encouraged to participate.

To learn more join our next free webinar and read news and articles about FundRef. More information about FundRef can be found on the FundRef page.

New CrossRef API to Find Funding and Licensing Data

We are working on a new CrossRef application programming interface (API) to query all sorts of interesting things about who funded the research behind the content CrossRef members publish. This CrossTech blog post describes the uses in more detail.

In addition to information about funding and grant numbers, CrossRef is also collecting information about what licenses apply to content and information that will help make text and data mining easier. All this information is being used to develop new services. Funding agencies were interested in being able to measure Key Performance Indicators (“KPIs” to management wonks) related to recent mandates such as the February 22nd 2013 OSTP memo, Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research. Two groups also approached us, CHORUS and SHARE. Both are interested in exploring how to build reporting tools for funders, institutions and researchers.

CHORUS is already using the CrossRef REST API heavily, and we expect that SHARE will soon start making use of it as well. The feedback from both groups has been very useful, but we are looking for broader feedback as well. The API is still in development, so now is your chance to help us shape it.

CrossMark Records and Views top 400K

CrossMark metadata has now been deposited for over 400,000 DOIs as more publishers sign-up and implement the service. CrossRef has seen nearly 400,000 views from people clicking on the HTML and PDF CrossMark logos. Over 35 publishers have signed-up, including the BMJ Journals, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and Bioscientifica, all of whom have taken advantage of HighWire’s roll-out of the service. You can see a list of participating publishers on the CrossMark website. 

Description: http://www.crossref.org/crossmark/images/Logo_index_2.png

CrossMark-only deposits are now possible to populate backfiles with the CrossMark metadata, and publishers using CrossRef’s webDeposit form can now add CrossMark metadata to their content using this tool.

For further information, attend one of our frequent webinars. You can also email with any questions or visit the website for a gallery of live CrossMark examples and links to up-to-date technical information.

CrossCheck Plagiarism Screening Service Usage Grows

Over 560 publishers have now signed-up to CrossCheck, CrossRef’s plagiarism screening service powered by iThenticate. Thomas Telford and the American Society of Hematology are the most recent CrossRef members to join. With the surge in membership over the last 18 months and the improved integration of iThenticate within manuscript submission systems, usage continues to grow. Over one million documents were uploaded to the system in 2013, nearly 4 times the amount uploaded in 2011. Enhanced match-tuning was added in iThenticate in November 2013. We still offer free introductory webinars regularly, so do sign-up for more information. If you have any questions about CrossCheck, see the CrossCheck web page or email us.

Tech Corner: CrossRef DOIs Are Not Just for Journals

Multiple Resolution for Book DOIs
CrossRef is changing the way that book publishers implement multiple resolution after review by a number of book publishers and other interested parties. Many scholarly book publishers work with several hosting platforms. Multiple resolution allows a single DOI to resolve to a reader’s choice of URLs. The procedures that have been successfully used for journal content have proved difficult to coordinate for book publishers in this multi-platform environment. Look for further information in the coming months

For more information about assigning DOIs to books, look for us at the Association of American University Presses (AAUP) meeting June 22-24. We are planning to have an in-person meeting of the Book Interest Group at the event. Any book publisher or Affiliate interested in CrossRef DOIs is welcome to join the Book Interest Group. Email us for more information.

Improved Functionality for Standards Publishers
We have recently added new metadata elements to our schema to better support the deposit of standards. We are also making changes to our query logic to accommodate these changes, specifically the new <standard_designator> element.  This element will also be added to our query input schema.  When the new query logic is released, the standard designator may be included in queries for standards.

The addition of the standard designator element is significant enough that we will require all standards deposits to use the crossref4.3.3.xsd deposit schema, which includes the <standard_designator> element.  We also plan to release a new version of the schema (4.3.4) in the near future. 

CrossRef is also creating a Standards Interest Group to improve support for assigning DOIs to standards and discovering DOIs and standards metadata. If your organization publishes standards content and you are interested in the group, send us an email.

General Reminder
Announcements regarding system status, changes, and enhancements are posted in the Announcements forum on our support portal, available here. You may subscribe to this form via RSS feed or email. 

"The CrossRef Experience" in Barcelona

Participants at CrossRef Workshop in Barcelona. Photo by Thomas Biaget.

On 4 March, CrossRef held a workshop in Barcelona, Spain. Publishers from all over Spain came to meet CrossRef staff and board members, learn about CrossRef’s products and services, and to have their questions answered.

The half-day workshop featured a review of CrossRef basics, an update on system and support services, CrossCheck, CrossMark, FundRef, updates, and a discussion of tools and support for smaller publishers.

After the presentations, participants mingled at a reception. As one attendee said, “I’m so glad I finally got to have the CrossRef Experience!” We plan to hold several similar regional workshops. And, the CrossRef Experience will be available in London at our annual meeting on 11-12 November.

Communicating our Value: CrossRef Branding Project

We at CrossRef take our reputation and that of DOIs seriously. We have been working with an outside branding agency to better define the way we present CrossRef to the scholarly communications community, including to our publisher members, libraries, researchers, funding bodies, and academic institutions.

CrossRef may be the most important organization in scholarly communications that no one has heard of. Our research tells us that many researchers and faculty don’t know what DOIs are (hard for us to believe, but there it is), and many of those who do know never think about where DOIs come from. Even fewer understand the difference between CrossRef and other DOI registration agencies and the different services that CrossRef offers.

As one example, CrossRef’s FundRef funder identification service is getting a lot of attention due to the activities of organizations like SHARE and CHORUS, but not everyone involved with those project knows that FundRef is a service offered by CrossRef. We are pleased that so many of our tools have been used and adopted by other organizations, but we also want to be clear when CrossRef “powers” the functionality. 

The initial branding recommendations the CrossRef Board has considered and accepted revolve around elevating the “master” brand of CrossRef. This may mean renaming some services to make clear they are CrossRef services and to reduce confusion and having our services compete with the CrossRef brand, or it may mean eliminating service names that are features of our tools, but not worth branding on their own.

Our longer-term goal is to incorporate these changes into our public materials, including launching a new look and a new web site. Look for these things later this year.

ORCID Passes 600K Registrants

ORCID is going from strength to strength and passed 600,000 registered ORCID iDs at the end of March. CrossRef was a founder and a continuing supporter of ORCID and we encourage all CrossRef members to look at using ORCID iDs, joining ORCID as a member and depositing ORCID iDs with CrossRef metadata.

CrossRef was one of the first systems to integrate with ORCID allowing researchers to populate their profiles with publication information from CrossRef. To see what other publishers are doing the presentations from the September 2013 webinar for publishers are available -  and recently PLOS announced the next stage of their ORCID integration. A wide range of organizations are integrating with ORCID - a full list is available. ORCID membership information is available here

What's New with the CrossRef Staff

Congratulations to Applications Developer Jon Stark, who celebrates 10 years at CrossRef! Jon joined the staff in January 2004.

Penny Martin joined our UK office as Part-Time Office Manager, and Chris Cocci, Staff Accountant and Amy Kelley, Part-Time Operations Assistant have joined our staff in Lynnfield, Massachusetts. A warm welcome to all.

2014 CrossRef Annual Meeting 11-12 November in London - Save the date!

Save the date for the next CrossRef Annual Meeting, which will take place at the Royal Society in The Royal SocietyLondon, UK on 11-12 November.

The CrossRef Workshops will be held on Tuesday, 11 November and will cover technical, operational, work flow issues and a CrossCheck User Group Meeting.

The 2014 CrossRef Annual Meeting will be held on Wednesday, 12 November and will include CrossRef updates, compelling industry speakers and will conclude with a cocktail reception.

View details of our past meetings in the annual meeting archive.

New Enhanced CrossRef Metadata Service Affiliates

CrossRef offers Enhanced CrossRef Metadata Services (CMS) to both members and non-members (Affiliates). Enhanced CMS users can harvest metadata from CrossRef and use it in their systems according to the CMS license agreement which promotes linking to publisher full text by using CrossRef DOIs. The metadata CrossRef makes available is the standard bibliographic metadata, DOIs and references as deposited for Cited-by Linking.cms logo

CrossRef member publishers may choose whether or not each Enhanced CrossRef Metadata Services recipient can get its metadata. For more information please contact Susan Collins.

View a list of our current CMS subscribers.

The following organizations have joined the program since January 2014:

  • Colwiz
  • Global Digital
  • Research Square
  • ScholarMate, Ltd.
  • UberResearch

Further information about CMS is available here or read about our CMS policies here.

Staff at Upcoming Conferences and Exhibits

Important Billing Information!

There was an issue with the email delivery of some of the 2014 Annual Membership Invoices that were emailed on December 9, 2013.  Some members informed us that invoices were either not received or were delivered to a spam folder.  We have worked diligently with our software vendor to improve this issue, however, we do recommend that members add crossref.org and intacct.com to their “safe sender” list.  We also encourage members to check with their finance departments to make sure that their 2014 Annual Membership invoices were received.  Please contact us at billing@crossref.org if you did not receive your 2014 Annual Membership invoice(s).

We have no control over spam filters that may be in place on your sites.  We invoice annual fees for January 1 in mid December. Quarterly deposit fees are billed the week following March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31. Invoices for March 31 were emailed the first week of April.  Please contact us if you don’t receive an invoice. Our default delivery method is email, so please make sure you update your contact information with us. If you prefer a mailed invoice, please contact us at billing@crossref.org.

Below is text from the PILA membership agreement, section 2b:

The PILA Member must promptly pay all membership dues and any charges or fees as established by the Board from time to time and set forth on the PILA Site. The PILA Member must nominate a business (above), technical and billing contact for purposes of PILA administration (any or all of whom may be the same person), and keep such contact information up to date.

NEW:  Due to a substantial increase in bank processing fees of foreign checks, please add $50 to your payment if you are making payment in USD with a check that will be clearing against a foreign bank.

CrossRef Statistics Dashboard

The CrossRef Board of Directors tracks the set of statistics in the table above since they are key metrics of success for the CrossRef System. The number of queries (references sent to CrossRef to find the DOI to create permanent links to the content) for first quarter of 2014 were at 223 million and went down by 17% from the same period last year. The number of backfiles has decreased by 40% to 565 thousand from 958 thousand (in the same period of 2013). Total deposits have seen an overall increase in this time period with book titles growing at 40% as compared to same time last year rate. Membership is still growing steadily and DOI resolutions have surpassed a billion.

Income Statement/Financial Results

Income Statement Q32013

The table above shows the 4th quarter and full year 2013 financials. CrossRef was above budget on revenue and under budget on expenses leading to a very healthy Net Income.