August 2009

From the Executive Director

I hope those in the northern hemisphere are enjoying the summer - unfortunately we haven't seen much summer weather in Oxford recently. As we approach our 10th Annual Meeting in November (see below for details) it's impressive to look at the list of participating publishers and societies (over 2,800) and CrossRef DOI Resolutions (more than 167 million so far this year).

We've come a long way in ten years, but there is still a lot to do. We are making significant investments
in the system rewrite to improve the existing technology, and we are working on important new projects (CrossMark, Contributor ID) to benefit our members and improve scholarly communications in
general.

The first ten years of CrossRef have been very exciting, and I expect that the next ten years to continue
to be. One recent development is that you can follow CrossRefNews on Twitter (@CrossRefNews).

There are updates below on CrossRef finances and statistics and the ContributorID, CrossCheck and CrossMark projects.  Please remember that you can check out the two blogs to keep up-to-date with CrossRef activities – the CrossRef Blog and the CrossTech Blog.

CrossRef DOIs in Use

CrossRef Cited-by Links Help Researchers Discover Relevant Content

A growing number of CrossRef members (160) participate in Cited-by Linking. These members deposit metadata for their references and display links to articles that cite their own content. And they pay no additional fees.

  • 6,701,622 articles have references deposited.
  • 97,506,209 Cited-by links exist.
  • 14,073,761 (about 40% of all items in CrossRef) have at least one Cited-by link that could be displayed.

A useful example displays the complete citation information for citing articles adjacent to the article header. See this article from JCI: Journal of Clinical Investigation, published by The American Society for Clinical Investigation at http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI27280.



An example from The European Journal of Human Genetics from Nature Publishing Group shows a link to Cited-by articles on the right of the article header. This article,
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200979, shows 22 citing articles (as of July 2009) through
CrossRef.

An extensive set of CrossRef Cited-by links appear in this article from Wiley’s journal Aging Cell. Click on “Citation Tracking” above the abstract of the article - http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1474-9728.2003.00057.x - to see them.

Find out how you can display CrossRef Cited-by links to your articles.


"Trust" Subject of CrossRef's 10th Annual Meeting

Distinguished guest speakers Onora O'Neill and T. Scott Plutchak will explore themes of trust, communication and plagiarism in academia and academic publishing at CrossRef's 10th Annual Meeting on November 10, 2009 in Cambridge, MA. Also join us on November 9 at Boston's Museum of Science for a dinner to celebrate ten years of publisher collaboration. Get the details and register now.


System Rewrite Planned

Plans for a rewrite of the CrossRef system call first for developing a new query system and then rewriting the deposit system. A draft specification developed by Atypon is under review, with development slated to begin in September. Our deployment target is late first quarter 2010.

CrossRef will have a co-development role in the project. We will have full access to all source code, which will give us a better understanding of the operational details and an improved ability to respond directly to issues.

Backward compatibility will be available to a high degree. In some cases though, in order to achieve the benefits of the new system we will not be longer be able to support legacy practices. In particular, we will discontinue support for all older deposit schema versions. We have advised the Technical Working Group (TWG) that as of October 1, 2009 the only deposit schema we will accept will be the current version. Check the CrossRef Help System for more information about our deposit schemas.


Strategic Initiatives Move Ahead

CrossMark and Contributor ID priorities were reaffirmed by the CrossRef Board at its recent strategic meeting. We will also pursue the strategic development of our DOI-based linking platform through these initiatives:

  • Encourage researchers to use CrossRef DOIs in citing literature.
  • Expand the CrossRef citation infrastructure to handle complex content types
    (e.g. versioned, hierarchical, dynamic).
  • Encourage the use of CrossRef DOIs as preferred identifiers for automated
    processes
    (e.g. semantic web applications and data mining).
  • Extend the use of CrossRef DOIs in emerging scholarly communication vehicles
    (e.g. semantically-enhanced articles, videos, blogs, and wikis).


Publishers Screen Thousands of Documents for Plagiarism

CrossCheck members checked several thousand documents for originality in both May and June using the plagiarism screening system powered by iThenticate. Participants may now use integrated access to CrossCheck from these manuscript tracking systems: eJournalPress, BenchPress and Editorial Manager (PDF). Scholar One Manuscripts has also announced their intention to integrate the feature.

Submissions to 56 current members can be compared to over 21 million items in the CrossCheck database from 27,000 titles (MS Excel file). Register for a complementary introductory online demo and webinar to find out how plagiarism screening can benefit your publishing program.


CrossRef Encourages Book Deposits and Reference Linking

Books continue to be the fastest growing content type at CrossRef. To encourage more publishers to deposit book metadata and link to books from within their references, CrossRef has finalized and publicized its Best Practices guidelines.

A news release announcing the guidelines also explains the difference between CrossRef DOIs for reference linking and emerging DOIs for other applications that will be assigned by Registration Agencies other than CrossRef.

Find out more about depositing books and adding books to your reference links.


IDF Open Meeting Theme is Ensuring Persistence

This year's International DOI Foundation (IDF) Open Meeting will focus on continuity, guaranteeing access, and providing a supportable funding model. The meeting is on October 7, 2009 at the University of California, San Francisco. View the preliminary agenda and register on the IDF site. View the preliminary agenda and register on the IDF site.


Frankfurt - Where it All Began

CrossRef was founded after a meeting of publishers at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 1999. Celebrate our anniversary with us at a cocktail party in the Digital Market Place (in the passage between corridor G and K) on Wednesday, October 14 at 5:00 PM or 17:00 local time. Ed Pentz and Kirsty Meddings will be available for meetings at Stand 4.2-J435 during the fair. Please contact Susan Collins to set up an appointment.


Outbound Reference Linking Required

Avoid Non-Linking Fees

Outbound reference linking, or linking from references to content from other CrossRef members, is one of the requirements of CrossRef membership. In September we will send invoices for the non-linking fee, which is 22 cents per deposited record, to any CrossRef publisher who has been a member for longer than 18 months and does not currently have outbound reference links. Find out more about the non-linking fee. If you any questions about the non-linking fee, please contact Anna Tolwinska, Assistant Marketing Manager.


Paying Invoices

Second quarter deposit invoices have been mailed. We accept checks, wire transfers and credit card payments (via phone). To help us credit your account quickly and accurately, if you are paying by wire, PLEASE reference the invoice number on your payment. We receive many wires with no reference, not even the publisher name. Sometimes the only info we have is the country of origin.

Our payment terms are net 30. Late payers will receive monthly reminders, and we do have a procedure for delinquent accounts. Due to the increasing size of membership it is virtually impossible for us to make exceptions to this process. If you receive a notice in error, we apologize.

If you have questions about payment or invoices please contact Lisa Hart, Senior Finance Manager.


CrossRef Operation Projections Favorable Against Budget for 2009

The 2009 full year financial forecast is slightly favorable against budget, based on strong membership growth and ongoing current deposits, coupled with above-budget backfile deposits in the first quarter.


Income
Statement

2009 2nd Qtr.

2009 Year-to-Date

2009 Full Year

$000's

Actuals

Budget

Actuals

Budget

Forecast

Budget

Revenues

            965

                 916

         1,988

         1,821

         3,984

         3,862

Expenses

            971

                 935

         1,735

         1,765

         3,588

         3,534

  Operating
Income

               (6)

                 (19)

            253

              56

            396

            328

Contingencies

               -

                    -

               -

               -

             (60)

             (60)

Interest
Income
(Expense)

              13

                     4

              18

                6

              38

              15

For.
Currency
Transl./Other

              29

                    -

              19

               -

              19

               -

  Net
Income

              36

                 (15)

            290

              62

            393

            283


Financial highlights from April through June 2009:

  • Revenues: $965,000 - over budget by $49,000 (5%)
  • Operating Expenses: $971,000 - over budget by $36,000 (4%)
  • Cash Generated: $263,000 – better by $391,000 as compared against the forecast in last quarter’s report (main contributor: $298,000 stemming from the System Rewrite project now phased for the third and fourth quarters)

The cash balance at December 31, 2009 is forecast at $1,392,000.


Key Operating Statistics

Matching Rate Up 10 Points, Resolutions Up 36%

Queries increased 4% from 2008 to 2009, and the matching rate increased from 48% to 58%, leading to 89.7 million matches in January-June 2009.

Dashboard
Targets

Jan-Jun '09

Jan-Jun '08

08/'09 change

Pro-rated Budget '09

Budget +/-

Full Year Budget '09

Queries

155,618,538

149,303,686

4%

125,000,000

24%

250,000,000

Matches

89,743,465

58,108,914

54%

50,000,000

79%

100,000,000

Match %

58%

39%

48%

40%

44%

40%

Current
Deposits

1,190,063

1,042,353

14%

1,167,500

2%

2,335,000

Backfile
Deposits

1,198,210

1,383,711

-13%

600,000

100%

1,200,000

Total
Deposits

2,388,273

2,426,064

-2%

1,767,500

35%

3,535,000

Total
Records

36,320,570

32,553,395

12%

39,855,570

# CrossRef
DOI Resolutions

167,521,459

123,497,385

36%

137,500,000

22%

275,000,000

# Members

720

584

23%

680

6%

700

# Depositing
prefixes

1206

963

25%

1050

15%

1100

# Linking
prefixes

730

563

30%

690

6%

800

# Journals

20,425

20,814

-2%

20,075

2%

23,000

# Book
Titles

87,759

67,943

29%

83,000

6%

99,700

# Conference
Titles

15,651

13,122

19%

15,000

4%

17,000


Current deposits grew at a very healthy rate of 14%, more than offsetting the expected decline in backfiles, which was smaller than budgeted. Backfile deposits are projected to be lower for the rest of the year, since several large digitization projects have ended.

CrossRef DOI resolutions are up 36% from last year to 167 million through June 2009. The number of members increased 23%, and the number of members who meet their outbound linking requirements increased by 30% due to better procedures and communications.

Sincerely,

Ed Pentz
Executive Director
CrossRef