- NEW: Introduction to Cited-by Linking Webinar
- Thursday, April 17th,11:00 am EDT, 4:00 pm BST - Register today!
- Policies and Fees
- Sign up
- Publishers that have signed up for Cited-by Linking
- Participate in Cited-by Linking simply by cutting and pasting your reference
- Cited-by Linking webinar recording (may require a webex player which you can download here).
Wouldn't it be nice if there was an easy way for you to show your authors and readers exactly what was citing your content? CrossRef Cited-by Linking (formerly Forward Linking) is a service that allows you to discover how your publications are being cited and to incorporate that information into your online publication platform. Participation in CrossRef Cited-by Linking is entirely optional and there is no charge for it, but in order to participate, there is an important quid-pro-quo: in order to discover what publications cite your content, you must in turn submit metadata listing the works that your publications cite.
In practice, this is not hard to do. Reference metadata can be easily included within normal batch DOI deposits, and it is now even possible to deposit references for Cited-by Linking through the cut-and-paste Simple Text Query interface.
But, as is the case with all CrossRef initiatives, the utility of Cited-by Linking is directly proportional to the uptake of the membership and, although CrossRef staff actively promotes Cited-by Linking to its membership through webinars and email reminders, participation in the service has been limited. This, in turn, means that the utility of the "Cited By" information varies greatly across disciplines and publishers.
Although there are other services that provide cited-by facilities (e.g. Google Scholar, Scopus, ISI and some hosting providers.), we think that CrossRef Cited-by Linking complements these other services because:
- It is controlled and managed by the CrossRef membership. As such, it enables direct primary publisher-to-publisher linking without the use of intermediaries.
- It is not tied to any particular "metric", although the metadata provided by the service could be used by others to either validate existing metrics or as the foundation for creating new metrics.
- It is not constrained by discipline and, as such, will prove useful for discovery of otherwise hard-to-find interdisciplinary citations and for use by publishers in fields that are underserved by the other services.
- It is not constrained by content type. CrossRef can accept reference data for journals articles, monographs, reference works, etc.
- The CrossRef Cited-by Linking service is built on top of the DOI infrastructure and, as such, is very precise.
- CrossRef is increasingly being looked to as a source for collecting authoritative publisher metadata. We are finding that those who seek to use CrossRef's metadata services are increasingly interested in collecting reference metadata as well. We worry that, if they can not get citation metadata from us, they will resort to using the much less accurate metadata that they can gather through screen scraping and services like Google Scholar.
Note: Because this is an optional service for our members and only a subset of the membership is currently participating, you will only be able to retrieve a partial list of the DOIs that actually cite your content. CrossRef cited-by links are not intended for use as a citation metric.
As of March 2014, publishers participating control roughly 40% of the total number of DOIs deposited in CrossRef:
- Articles with references deposited: 21,388,842
- Articles with at least one cited-by relation: 26,697,005
- Total number of cited-by links: 386,027,108
To make use of this service, publishers will need to do the following two transactions with CrossRef:
1) Supply CrossRef with the reference list for each article deposited in CrossRef
2) For any given article you wish to show cited-by links for, query CrossRef (using its DOI) to retrieve the list of citing articles as identified by their DOIs.
Edinburgh University Press has implemented CrossRef Cited-by Linking. An example is provided here: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/afr.2003.73.2.174. The links appear under a "Cited by" heading below the
The Institute of Physics Publishing provides an "articles citing this article" feature that now includes several links from other participating CrossRef publishers. To see a live example from the New Journal of Physics (an open-access journal), click on http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/1/1/006 and follow the "articles citing this article" link below the abstract.
The Public Library of Science has also gone live with CrossRef-based Cited-by Linking! To see an example, click on http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pbio.0000005 and follow the "see articles citing this article" link on the right.
The Japanese Pharmacological Society has a great example of CrossRef-based Cited-by Linking! Please click on the following link http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jjp.78.113 and follow the "JST Link Center Cited" logo on the right.
The Royal Society of Chemistry has also implemented CrossRef Cited-by Linking. The "Search for citing articles" link (under "Free access") on the following page provides an example of it in action: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a904518j.
BioOne has also gone live with CrossRef Cited-by Linking. An example can be viewed by clicking on the below DOI, selecting Full Text and then on the right hand side clicking on "See Articles Citing this Article".
1. Participation in Cited-by Linking is optional for CrossRef members.
2. Participants must deposit references from their current material and must retrieve data (i.e. retrieve “cited-by” links to link to other participants). Participants must be depositing references from current material before retrieving data. A Member will be deemed to have started participating in when they begin depositing references.
3. Members may only retrieve data to display in primary articles that they publish, whether for display on primary journal platforms or within their secondary products. Agents will be able to retrieve data on behalf of members who participate in and deposit references.
4. There will be no “public” interface for retrieving data. There is currently a form for free single DOI lookup on the CrossRef website but no equivalent form will be available for data.
5. There is no charge for participation in Cited-by Linking.
6. Cited-by Linking will not be available for secondary records, except as described in policy #3 above.
7. Cited-by Linking will only be available for member use in primary content.
Cited-by Linking Implementation
For technical implementation please visit our CrossRef Help section.
Only current, active members of CrossRef may register for Cited-by Linking. Please proceed to the registration page.
AACE Corp (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists)
ABEAT - Associacao Brasileira de Especialistas em Alta Tecnologia
Advanced Research Journals
Agricultural History Society
Agricultural Institute of Canada
Air & Waste Management Association
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
American Academy of Periodontology (AAP)
American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS (Science)
American Chemical Society (ACS)
American Economic Association
American Fisheries Society
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
American Institute of Mathematical Sciences (AIMS)
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
American Journal of Comparative Law
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
American Library Association
American Marketing Association (AMA)
American Meteorological Society
American Occupational Therapy Association
American Pharmacists Association
American Physical Society (APS)
American Psychiatric Publishing
American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS)
American Society for Cell Biology
American Society for Clinical Investigation
American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
American Society for Microbiology
American Society of Agronomy
American Society of Civil Engineers
American Society of Hematology
American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.
American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR)
American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
American Statistical Association (ASA)
American Thoracic Society
AOSIS Open Journals
Asian Pacific Prostate Society
Asociacion Nacional de Historia y Antropologia de los Cuidados
Associacao Nacional de Pesquisa e Pos Graducao em Turismo (ANPTUR)
Associacao Portuguesa dos Recursos Hidricos (APRH)
Association for Career and Technical Education Research
Association for Experiential Education
Association for Fire Ecology
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
Behaviormetric Society of Japan
Bentham Science Publishers
Blay Publishers LLC
Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Journals
Bogor Agricultural University
Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe
Borderless Science Publishing
Botanic Garden & Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem BGBM
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis
Byte Systems - Solucoes Digitais
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
Canadian Center of Science and Education
Canadian Centre of Academic Art and Science
Canadian Institute of Geomatics
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS)
Canadian Periodical for Community Studies, Inc.
Canadian Science Publishing
Canadian Water Resources Association
Canadian Young Scientist Journal
Carden Jennings Publishing Co.
Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University
Chemical Science Transactions
China Science Publishing & Media Ltd.
Chinese Institute of Automation Engineers (CIAE)
Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering
CIG Media Group, LP
Consortia Academia Publishing
Copernicus Gesellschaft mbH
Council for British Archaeology
Crop Science Society of America
Czech Geological Society
Czech Geological Survey
Department of Biomedical Imaging, University of Malaya, Malaysia
Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
Dialogue and Discourse
Dietitians of Canada
Duncker & Humblot GmbH
Ecological Society of America
eContent Management Pty Ltd
Edinburgh University Press
Educational Research e-Journal (EREJ)
Edward Elgar Publishing
English Literature in Transition
Enviro Research Publishers
Environmental Health Perspectives
EPI SCP (El Profesional de la Informacion)
Escola das Artes, Universidade Catolica Portuguesa
European Journal of Chemistry
European Optical Society
Expert Reviews, Ltd.
Faculty of 1000
Faculdade Cenecista de Campo Largo
Faculdade de Tecnologia e Ciencias (FACECLA)
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Frontiers Media SA
Fundacao Educacional de Ituverava
Fundacao Instituto de Administracao
Fundacao Universidade Estadual de Maringa
Future Medicine Ltd
Gemological Institute of America
Geological Society of America
Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
George Washington University
Green Theory and Praxis: The Journal of Ecopedagogy
Gunther Eysenbach (JMIR) / University Health Network)
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Hogrefe & Huber
Image Processing On Line
Indian Academy of Neurosciences
Indiana University Press
Informa UK Limited
Institute for Environmental Nanotechnology
Institute of Aeronautics and Space
Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Institute of Hematology, Catholic University
Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics
Institute of Organic Chemistry & Biochemistry
Institutional Investor Journals
Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP)
Integrated Publishing Association
Inter-Research Science Center
International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
International Association for Fire Safety Science
International Association for Multidisciplinary Research (IAMURE)
International Association of Astacology
International Dental Research
International Dose-Response Society
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
International Reading Association
International Scientific Literature
International Society for Gerontechnology (ISG)
International Society of Endovascular Specialists
International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
IP Publishing, Ltd.
IS, GUC (The Journal of Industrial Relations and Human Resources)
Islamic Medical Association of North America
Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
Japan Society of Applied Physics
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishing
JMIR Publications Inc.
John Benjamins Publishing Company
Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine Press
Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences
Journal of Gambling Issues
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine
Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group (JNSPG)
Journal of New Approaches in Educational Reserach (NAER)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management
Journal of Tropical Soils
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE
Korea Basic Science Institute
Korea Society of Breeding Science
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine Society
Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE)
Korean Cancer Association (KAMJE)
Korean Council of Science Editors
Korean Epilepsy Society
Korean Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI)
Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology
Korean Society of Clinical Nutrition
Korean Society of Clinical Oncology
Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
Korean Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Korean Society of Sandplay Therapy
Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine
Korean Vaccine Society
Kowsar Medical Institute
Laser Pages Publishing Ltd.
Leibniz-Institute of Psychology Information (ZPID)
Liceo de Cagayan University
Linkoping University Electronic Press
Lithuanian Physical Society
Liverpool University Press
Logical Methods in Computer Science
M. E. Sharpe Inc.
Macedonian Journal of Medical Science
Manchester University Press
Mary Ann Liebert Inc
Mathematical Sciences Publishers
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Men's Studies Press, LLC
Michael Joanna Publications
Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture
MIT Press - Journals
Morgan & Claypool Publishers LLC
National Institute of Informatics (NII)
National Library of Serbia
Nature Publishing Group
New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM/MMS)
Norwegian Society of Automatic Control
Oceanside Publications Inc.
OMICS Publishing Group
Oncology Nursing Society (ONS)
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Oriental Scientific Publishing Company
ORNL Environmental Sciences Division
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Papers in Physics
Philippine Association on Institutions for Research
Philosophy Documentation Center
Polska Akademia Nauk Instytut Paleobiologii (Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences)
Portland Press Ltd.
Primary Care Respiratory Society UK
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Professional Engineering Publishing (PEP)
Prof. Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing House Technologija
Research Foundation of the CFA Institute
Research Publishing Services
Revista Universo Contabil
Riga Technical University
Rockefeller University Press
Royal College of Psychiatrists
Royal Irish Academy
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
S. Karger AG
Samara State Technical University
Scholar Science Journals
Science China Press., Co. Ltd.
Scientific Research Centre ZRC-SAZU
ScopeMed International Medical Journal Management and Indexing System
Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics
SIGMA (Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Application)
Slovenian Society for Stereology and Quantitative Image Analysis
Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment
Sociedade Portuguesa de Vida Selvagem (SPVS)
Society for General Microbiology
Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
Sociological Research Online
Soil Science Society of America
Springer Publishing Company
Springer Science + Business Media
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava
Steklov Mathematical Institute
The American Academy of Implant Denstistry
The Company of Biologists
The Genomic Standards Consortium
The Higher Education Academy
The Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM) ITB
The Korean Association of Immunobiologists (KAMJE)
The Korean Society for Brain and Neural Science (KAMJE)
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
The Physical Society of Japan
The Policy Press
The Royal Society
The Sedimentological Society of Japan
The University of Hong Kong Libraries
Thomas Land Publishers
Thomas Telford Ltd.
Trans Tech Publications
Transportation Research Board
Turk Ortopedi ve Travmatologi Dernegi (Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Ubiquity Press, Ltd.
UCTEA Chamber of Surveying and Cadastre Engineers
United Kingdom Serials Group
Universidad de los Andes
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
Universitat Politecnica De Valencia
University of Alicante
University of California Press
University of Chicago Press
University of Defence
University of Szeged
University of Texas Press
University of Toronto Press Inc. (UTPress)
University of Zagreb, Department of Mathematics
Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk (UFN) Journal
UPOL - Palacky University
Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht GmbH & Co. KG
Vedic Research International
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Wageningen Academic Publishers
Walsh Medical Media, LLC
Walter de Gruyter
White Horse Press
Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society
World Scientific Publishing
ZBW - German National Library of Economics
ZPID - Leibniz-Institute for Psychology Information
For a print-friendly summary please see our Cited-by Linking handout (PDF).
Updated April 8, 2014