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FundRef provides a standard way to report funding sources for published scholarly research. Publishers deposit funding information from articles and other content using a standard taxonomy of funder names. This funding data is then made publicly available through CrossRef's search interfaces and APIs for funders and other interested parties to analyze.

How FundRef Works

  1. The FundRef Registry provides a taxonomy of standardized funder names.
  2. Publishers or their manuscript tracking system vendors incorporate the FundRef Registry into the submission processes. Authors select funders from this list and provide grant numbers at the time of manuscript submission. Alternatively, publishers extract funding information from content as part of their production/typesetting process, and match the funder names to those in the Registry
  3. Funder information is transferred to publisher production systems.
  4. Publishers send funder information (funder names, funder IDs and grant numbers) to CrossRef as part of their regular metadata deposits.
  5. Funders and others query CrossRef and receive DOIs and metadata for articles resulting from their funding.

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FundRef Workflow

Search FunDREF Data

FundRef Search allows anyone to search on a funder name and find content that has received research funding from that funder. Not all funder names will return results at present, but as the service grows and more publishers deposit funding information more results will become available.

Funding Agencies

Funding Agencies do not need to do anything and are not required to join CrossRef. Publishers will deposit funding information from content that they publish, and anyone can search this data using FundRef Search. Feedback from funding agencies, or questions about FundRef can be sent to


  1. Incorporate the FundRef Registry into your submission system or ask your vendor to switch on FundRef functionality. You can make use of our FundRef widget or build your own form.
  2. Ask authors to input funding information on submission using the controlled vocabulary from the Registry, or extract the information from acknowledgements sections during production or typesetting.
  3. Make sure your production system can support the additional FundRef metadata elements.
  4. Submit standardized FundRef data to CrossRef with your regular metadata deposits. Funder IDs from the FundRef Registry must be included for any funder that is listed in the Registry. If a funder is not listed in the Registry it is acceptable to deposit the name only with no ID, but these deposits will not appear in FundRef Search until a funder ID has been created and the record redeposited (see details of how to query for new funder IDs)
  5. Query CrossRef for funding data using FundRef Search or our search API.

For an overview of FundRef watch our 20 minute pre-recorded FundRef Webinar (.mov)

Please let us know if you are planning to start depositing FundRef data.

Technical information on how to deposit FundRef data within the CrossRef schema can be found in FundRef Help

The FundRef Registry

The FundRef Registry is a taxonomy of international funder names, IDs, abbreviations, alternate names and countries donated by Elsevier. This controlled vocabulary is freely available and should be incorporated into manuscript submission systems or used to reconcile funder names in backfile content ahead of deposit. It is important that Funder ID numbers are located and deposited where available. Funding data with no funder_identifier will not appear in FundRef Search. Please be sure to expose the country field to authors so that they can distinguish between funders in different countries with the same name.

Participating Publishers

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
American Chemical Society
American Dairy Science Association
American Institute of Physics
American Physical Society
American Psychological Association
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Asian Society of Gynecologic Oncology;
Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology and Colposcopy (KAMJE)
Association for Computing Machinery
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Copernicus GmbH
eLife Sciences Organisation, Ltd.
Grupo Comunicar Hindawi
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
International Union of Crystallography
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research IOP Publishing
Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing (KAMJE)
Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMJE)
Korean Academy of Periodontology (KAMJE)
Korean Association of Urogentital Tract Infection and Imflammation (KAMJE)
Korean Breast Cancer Society (KAMJE) Korean Cancer Association Korean Continence Society (KAMJE) Korean Council of Science Editors
Korean Diabetes Association (KAMJE)
Korean Foot and Ankle Society (KAMJE)
Korean Neurological Association (KAMJE)
Korean Oncology Nursing Society (KAMJE)
Korean Pediatric Society (KAMJE)
Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine (KAMJE)
Korean Society for Preventive Medicine
Korean Society for Sexual Medicine and Andrology (KAMJE)
Korean Society of Cerebrovascular Surgeons/Korean Society of Endovascular Surgery (KAMJE)
Korean Society of Clinical Nutrition
Korean Society of Emergency Medicine
Korean Society of Epidemiology (KAMJE)
Korean Society of Interventional Neuroradiology (KAMJE)
Korean Society of Perinatology (KAMJE)
Korean Vaccine Society (KAMJE)
Medknow Publications
National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of the Republic of Korea
National Institute for Health Research
Optical Society of America
Oxford University Press
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
SAGE Publications
Society of Rheology
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and The Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (KAMJE)
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
The Korean Academy of Prosthodontics (KAMJE)
The Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (KAMJE)
The Korean Brain Tumor Society; The Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KAMJE)
The Korean Orthopaedic Association (KAMJE)
The Korean Rheumatism Association (KAMJE)
The Korean Society of Cardiology (KAMJE)
The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine (KAMJE)
The Korean Society of Environmental Health and Toxicology
The Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (KAMJE)
The Korean Society of Pathologists and The Korean Society for Cytopathology
The Korean Society of Radiology (KAMJE)
The Korean Urological Association (KAMJE)
The Royal Society of Chemistry
University of Alicante
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Yonsei University College of Medicine (KAMJE)
Zhejiang University Press


FundRef is guided by an Advisory Group comprising representatives from the following funding bodies and publishers:

American Institute of Physics
American Psychological Association
Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers
Nature Publishing Group
Oxford University Press
US Department of Energy
US National Science Foundation
The Wellcome Trust
Wiley & Sons

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Additional Resources

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Updated March 23, 2015

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