FundRef provides a standard way to report funding sources for published scholarly research. Publishers deposit funding information from articles and other content using a standard taxonomy of funder names. This funding data is then made publicly available through CrossRef's search interfaces and APIs for funders and other interested parties to analyze. fundref logo

Until now...

  • Lack of standard funding body names and metadata has made it difficult to analyze or mine research funding information in publications.
  • Funding bodies have not been able to easily track the output of their expenditures.
  • Publishers have not been able to easily identify the major funders of the research they publish.
  • Research institutions have had no easy way to identify major funders of their employees’ scholarly output.

FundRef addresses all of these issues.

Search FundRef Data

FundRef Search allows anyone to search on a funder name and find content that has received research funding from that funder. Not all funder names will return results at present, but as the service grows and more publishers deposit funding information more results will become available.

How FundRef Works

  1. The FundRef Registry provides a taxonomy of standardized funder names.
  2. Manuscript tracking system vendors incorporate the FundRef Registry into publication submission processes. Authors select funders and provide grant numbers upon manuscript submission.
  3. Funder information is transferred to publisher production systems.
  4. Publishers send funder information to CrossRef as part of their regular metadata deposits.
  5. Funders and others query CrossRef and receive DOIs and metadata for articles resulting from their funding.
  6. Publishers may display FundRef data in CrossMark Record tab.

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FundRef Workflow

Funding Agencies

Funding Agencies do not need to do anything to join FundRef. Publishers will deposit funding information from content that they publish, and anyone can search this data using FundRef Search. Feedback from funding agencies, or questions about FundRef can be sent to


  1. Sign up for FundRef by agreeing to the simple Terms and Conditions. There are no fees for participating in FundRef.
  2. Incorporate the FundRef Registry into your submission system.
  3. Ask authors to input funding information on submission using the controlled vocabulary from the Registry.
  4. Make sure your production system can support the additional FundRef metadata elements
  5. Submit standardized FundRef data to CrossRef with your regular metadata deposits. Funder IDs from the FundRef Registry must be included for any funder that is listed in the Registry.
  6. Query CrossRef for funding data.

For an overview of FundRef watch our 20 minute pre-recorded FundRef Webinar (.mov)

Technical information on how to deposit FundRef data within the CrossRef schema can be found in FundRef Help

The FundRef Registry

The FundRef Registry is a taxonomy of international funder names, IDs, abbreviations, and alternate names donated by Elsevier. This controlled vocabulary is freely available and should be incorporated into manuscript submission systems or used to reconcile funder names in backfile content ahead of deposit.

Participating Publishers

American Chemical Society (ACS)
American Diabetes Association
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
American Physical Society (APS)
American Psychiatric Publishing
American Psychological Association (APA)
American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR)
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
BioMed Central
Copernicus Publications (Copernicus GmbH)
eLife Sciences Organisation
National Library of Serbia
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
IEEE, Inc.
iMedPub, Internet Medical Publishing (Fundacion de Neurociencias)
Informa UK Limited
International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
IOP Publishing
Journal of Humanity
Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
Just Medical Media, Ltd.
Kowsar Medical Institute
Landes Bioscience
National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board, Republic of Korea
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Philippine Association of Institutions for Research
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
The Royal Society
Veterinary World


FundRef is guided by an Advisory Group comprising representatives from the following funding bodies and publishers:

American Institute of Physics
American Psychological Association
Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers
Nature Publishing Group
Oxford University Press
US Department of Energy
US National Science Foundation
The Wellcome Trust
Wiley & Sons

View monthly FundRef deposit statistics.

Additional Resources

Who Does FundRef Benefit?

  • Funding organizations, which will be able to better track the results of their funding policies.
  • Authors, in simplifying their submission process
  • Research institutions, which will be able to track the productivity of their employees
  • Publishers, which will be able to analyze the sources of funding for their published content, and
  • Readers and the public, by providing greater transparency into the results of R&D funding.

Why CrossRef?

CrossRef creates services for the scholarly community that require technical and business collaboration among organizations that cannot be done more efficiently by a single entity. The deposit and query infrastructure, and the business agreements in place already provide for a way for a large number of publishers members to share metadata to accomplish reference linking, Cited-by linking, plagiarism screening, and version tracking. FundRef meets these criteria, and can be provided with a minimum of new overhead and investment.

For more information please contact:

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Updated April 24, 2014

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