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FundRef provides a standard way to report funding sources for published scholarly research. Publishers deposit funding information from articles and other content using a standard taxonomy of funder names. This funding data is then made publicly available through CrossRef's search interfaces and APIs for funders and other interested parties to analyze.

How FundRef Works

  1. The FundRef Registry provides a taxonomy of standardized funder names.
  2. Publishers or their manuscript tracking system vendors incorporate the FundRef Registry into the submission processes. Authors select funders from this list and provide grant numbers at the time of manuscript submission. Alternatively, publishers extract funding information from content as part of their production/typesetting process, and match the funder names to those in the Registry
  3. Funder information is transferred to publisher production systems.
  4. Publishers send funder information (funder names, funder IDs and grant numbers) to CrossRef as part of their regular metadata deposits.
  5. Funders and others query CrossRef and receive DOIs and metadata for articles resulting from their funding.

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FundRef Workflow

Search FunDREF Data

FundRef Search allows anyone to search on a funder name and find content that has received research funding from that funder. Not all funder names will return results at present, but as the service grows and more publishers deposit funding information more results will become available.

Funding Agencies

Funding Agencies do not need to do anything and are not required to join CrossRef. Publishers will deposit funding information from content that they publish, and anyone can search this data using FundRef Search. Feedback from funding agencies, or questions about FundRef can be sent to


  1. Incorporate the FundRef Registry into your submission system or ask your vendor to switch on FundRef functionality. You can make use of our FundRef widget or build your own form.
  2. Ask authors to input funding information on submission using the controlled vocabulary from the Registry, or extract the information from acknowledgements sections during production or typesetting.
  3. Make sure your production system can support the additional FundRef metadata elements.
  4. Submit standardized FundRef data to CrossRef with your regular metadata deposits. Funder IDs from the FundRef Registry must be included for any funder that is listed in the Registry. If a funder is not listed in the Registry it is acceptable to deposit the name only with no ID, but these deposits will not appear in FundRef Search until a funder ID has been created and the record redeposited (see details of how to query for new funder IDs)
  5. Query CrossRef for funding data using FundRef Search or our search API.

For an overview of FundRef watch our 20 minute pre-recorded FundRef Webinar (.mov)

Please let us know if you are planning to start depositing FundRef data.

Technical information on how to deposit FundRef data within the CrossRef schema can be found in FundRef Help

The FundRef Registry

The FundRef Registry is a taxonomy of international funder names, IDs, abbreviations, alternate names and countries donated by Elsevier. This controlled vocabulary is freely available and should be incorporated into manuscript submission systems or used to reconcile funder names in backfile content ahead of deposit. It is important that Funder ID numbers are located and deposited where available. Funding data with no funder_identifier will not appear in FundRef Search. Please be sure to expose the country field to authors so that they can distinguish between funders in different countries with the same name.

Participating Publishers

American Astronomical Society
American Chemical Society (ACS)
American Diabetes Association
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
American Physical Society (APS)
American Psychiatric Publishing
American Psychological Association (APA)
American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR)
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
BioMed Central
Copernicus Publications (Copernicus GmbH)
eLife Sciences Organisation
National Library of Serbia
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
IEEE, Inc.
iMedPub, Internet Medical Publishing (Fundacion de Neurociencias)
Informa UK Limited
International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
IOP Publishing
Journal of Humanity
Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
Just Medical Media, Ltd.
Kowsar Medical Institute
Landes Bioscience
National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board, Republic of Korea
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Philippine Association of Institutions for Research
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
The Royal Society
Veterinary World


FundRef is guided by an Advisory Group comprising representatives from the following funding bodies and publishers:

American Institute of Physics
American Psychological Association
Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers
Nature Publishing Group
Oxford University Press
US Department of Energy
US National Science Foundation
The Wellcome Trust
Wiley & Sons

View monthly FundRef deposit statistics.

Additional Resources

For more information please contact:

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Updated September 30, 2014

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