In August 2022, the United States Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memo (PDF) on ensuring free, immediate, and equitable access to federally funded research (a.k.a. the “Nelson memo”). Crossref is particularly interested in and relevant for the areas of this guidance that cover metadata and persistent identifiers—and the infrastructure and services that make them useful.
Funding bodies worldwide are increasingly involved in research infrastructure for dissemination and discovery.
Preprints have become an important tool for rapidly communicating and iterating on research outputs. There is now a range of preprint servers, some subject-specific, some based on a particular geographical area, and others linked to publishers or individual journals in addition to generalist platforms. In 2016 the Crossref schema started to support preprints and since then the number of metadata records has grown to around 16,000 new preprint DOIs per month.
TL;DR One of the things that makes me glad to work at Crossref is the principles to which we hold ourselves, and the most public and measurable of those must be the Principles of Open Scholarly Infrastructure, or POSI, for short. These ambitions lay out how we want to operate - to be open in our governance, in our membership and also in our source code and data. And it’s that openness of source code that’s the reason for my post today - on 26th September 2022, our first collaboration with the JSON Forms open-source project was released into the wild.
Ans: metadata and services are all underpinned by POSI.
Leading into a blog post with a question always makes my brain jump ahead to answer that question with the simplest answer possible. I was a nightmare English Literature student. ‘Was Macbeth purely a villain?’ ‘No’. *leaves exam*
Just like not giving one-word answers to exam questions, playing our role in the integrity of the scholarly record and helping our members enhance theirs takes thought, explanation, transparency, and work.
Test out the early preview of Event Data while we continue to develop it. Share your thoughts. And be warned: we may break a few eggs from time to time!
Chicken by anbileru adaleru from the The Noun Project
Want to discover which research works are being shared, liked and commented on? What about the number of times a scholarly item is referenced? Starting today, you can whet your appetite with an early preview of the forthcoming Crossref Event Data service. We invite you to start exploring the activity of DOIs as they permeate and interact with the world after publication.
But first, a bit of background
Discussion around scholarly research increasingly occurs online after publication, for example on blogs, sharing services, social media, and wikis. These ‘events’ occur across the web on numerous platforms and are a critical part of the scholarly enterprise. We are developing an infrastructure service (Crossref Event Data) that collects, stores, and delivers raw data of the events occurring with Crossref DOIs. We will store the data in an open, auditable and portable form for the community to access. Publishers, platforms, funders, bibliometricians and service providers may benefit from access to this raw data, and it can be used to feed into research records or proprietary tools and services that offer aggregation and analysis.
Developers Martin Fenner (DataCite) and Joe Wass (Crossref) enjoy a tofu break
Lagotto, the software originally developed at PLOS, has been extended and improved in a joint effort between DataCite and Crossref. The two DOI Registration Agencies have partnered to envision, build and release the service. On the 13th of April, after a year ofcollaboration, we jointly released Lagotto 5.0. You can read about the collaboration on the DataCite blog post.
Crossref and DataCite will continue to work closely together to develop Lagotto and the Event Data service. Although Crossref Event Data has mostly Crossref DOIs at launch, you will be able to find DataCite DOIs if they are cited in Crossref or Wikipedia.
This service is currently under development with a full launch expected the second half of 2016. Before it is launched however, we invite you to take a look around and preview a subset of the data sources we plan to include. You may experience occasional hiccups while we continue building the service.
At this stage, we are working with data from three sources although we will greatly expand the variety of platforms from which we collect data as development progresses. At this stage, you can view Mendeley bookmarks, Wikipedia references, and Crossref to DataCite links.
Mendeley is a reference manager and academic social network for scholars. View the number of social bookmarks from scholars or groups on Mendeley.
DataCite is a global consortium that assigns DOIs to research data. This enables people to find, share, use, and cite data. You can view all the data citations to DataCite research outputs found in Crossref publications (work is underway to make the links found in DataCite metadata available in Event Data).
You can explore the Crossref Event Data early preview by visiting http://eventdata.crossref.org and following the links to featured examples within our interim application for inspecting the data, technical documentation, and our Quick Start guide.
Share your thoughts
This service is currently under development and as such we welcome your thoughts and feedback on the data we are collecting currently from our three active sources. As a reminder, we expect to include the following sources as part of our full service launch later this year (pending confirmation):
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We’re also on the lookout for new data sources to investigate for future inclusion in the Event Data service so please do get in touch with requests and recommendations. As we continue to build the service throughout 2016, we will be committing to a model of continuous development so that we can make new sources available as they are completed.
Watch this blog for regular updates on our progress, or subscribe to receive new blog posts by email (just add your details to the upper right side of this page).