Transferring responsibility for titles and DOIs
We enforce a concept of ownership for the content you register through us.
We allow members to freely register records for titles that do not exist in our system. When the first submission for that title is processed, a title record is added to our database and ownership is assigned to the submitting prefix. If you ‘own’ a title, you are the member with permissions and responsibilities for creating and maintaining metadata for that title record and for any DOIs for that title.
We control ownership using the DOI prefix. This means that a member with a particular prefix (for example,
10.1234) is the only member allowed to create identifiers for a title owned by that prefix. If a title is acquired by a member with a different prefix, we can move ownership of that title to a different prefix.
Title ownership may change if:
- a title is acquired by a different publisher
- there is a change in publishing partner
- there is a change in hosting platform
There are two main types of ownership transfer - title transfers and prefix transfers.
On this page, find out more about:
In a title transfer, Member A acquires a single title from Member B. We transfer title ownership (and all relevant reports) over to Member A’s prefix. Member A must then register new content for that title on their own prefix.
The ownership change does not change the prefix of the existing DOIs for that title however. The existing acquired DOIs on the old prefix continue to resolve and should continue to be displayed and used. The difference is that Member A now appears as the publisher in the metadata of those DOIs - even though the DOI isn’t on their prefix. They also have permission to update the metadata against these DOIs too - updating the resolution URL or anything else they want to add or change.
For example, if the DOI
10.1234/abcd is acquired by a new member and ownership for that title is assigned to prefix
10.5678, then the existing DOI will continue to be
10.1234/abcd. The difference is that the member responsible for prefix
10.5678 is also able to update the metadata record for
Backfile and current DOIs for that journal may, therefore, have different prefixes — and that’s OK!
Learn more about what can often change, but always stays the same?
Transferring a title without taking responsibility for existing DOIs
Typically when a title is acquired by a member, all existing content is also acquired. We move ownership of the existing records as well as the title to the acquiring member with a full title transfer.
However, we can also assign ownership to individual records within a title. This is sometimes necessary when content ownership or hosting responsibility is assigned to different chunks of content. For example, current issues of Journal A may be published by a member with prefix
10.1234. Issues of Journal A published prior to 2010 are hosted and maintained by a member with prefix
10.5678. Journal A is owned by prefix
10.1234, but the member with prefix
10.5678 retains control of the back issue DOIs owned by prefix
In an prefix transfer, Member C acquires Member D and all their titles. We move the entire prefix belonging to Member D (and all relevant reports) over to Member C. Member C can then continue to assign DOIs on Member D’s old prefix (the original prefix). If Member C uses a service provider to deposit metadata on their behalf, we will simply enable the service providers Crossref account credentials to work with the newly acquired prefix.
Requesting a title transfer
- Contact our support team if you need a title transfer. We will need to receive a title transfer notification to confirm that the current owners are happy with the transfer. There are several different ways to do this:
- Option A (preferred): If a title transfer has been posted to the Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service (ETAS) let us know and we’ll proceed with the transfer without further confirmation.
- Option B: If you don’t participate in ETAS, please send us confirmation that the disposing publisher is aware of and agrees with the ownership transfer. The confirmation may be a forwarded email from the disposing publisher to the acquiring publisher acknowledging the transfer. The forwarded email must contain the original sender details.
- Option C: Alternatively, if you have a letter on the letterhead of the disposing publisher or a press release announcement confirming the transfer that works, too.
- Whichever option you use, please be specific about what is being transferred - include ISSNs, ISBNs, and when you need the transfer to occur (if applicable). Do be specific about which prefix the title is being transferred to, as some publishers have more than one prefix. Let us know if this is a transfer of the entire title and all associated DOIs, or just a transfer for future content.
- Once we’ve confirmed the transfer, we’ll update the ownership of your title in our system.
It’s important to remember that we bill for deposits quarterly, so any DOIs that were registered in the previous quarter will be billed to whoever the owner of those DOIs is at the quarter’s end. This means that acquiring publishers may be financially responsible for DOIs recently registered by the disposing publisher. If you have any questions about this policy, please let us know before the title transfer.
Learn more about our top tips for a pain-free title transfer.
What to do after a transfer is complete
At this point, the acquiring publisher will be able to update existing metadata records and create new ones. If needed, we can supply a list of all the DOIs associated with the publication, but we prefer that the acquiring member also obtains a list of DOI names from the disposing member, to help identify discrepancies between deposited and published DOIs.
Be sure to review the full metadata records provided by the disposing publisher, and remove or update any member-specific metadata such as text and data mining license and full-text URLs, Similarity Check full-text URLs, or Crossmark data. If the metadata supplied by the previous member is complete and accurate, you’ll only need to update the resource resolution URLs (the URLs associated with each DOI to point to your content).
Requesting a prefix transfer
DOI prefixes may be moved from one member to another with the consent of the current prefix owner. This may happen as part of a merger or acquisition. Prefixes may also be moved from one DOI registration agency to another. Please contact Support to start a prefix transfer.
If a prefix moves between members, note that the permissions associated with all DOIs currently owned by that prefix will transfer as well. This includes permissions related to Cited-by matches. You may transfer ownership of individual DOIs to a different prefix as needed.
Title dispute resolution
Title ownership may come into dispute when an organization is not legally recognized as the publication owner and is registering content under agreement with the publication owner. In all cases we’ll abide by the publication owner’s directions concerning the disposition of the DOI names associated with their titles. If the publication owner enacts a transfer that negatively impacts another organization, the organization must find remediation with the publication owner.
DOI ownership may also come into dispute when two members claim ownership of a single publication. As described above, the ‘owning’ member is the first depositor and acquires the ability to continue depositing DOI names for that title. The ‘disputing’ member is denied the ability to deposit and initiates the following resolution process:
- The disputing member will notify us of the problem - an email to Support is sufficient
- We’ll contact the owning member informing them of the problem
- If the owning member agrees that their ownership is incorrect or does not respond within 5 business days, Crossref will assign title and record ownership to the disputing member
- If the owning member challenges the claim, we’ll request that the two parties resolve the issue and submit joint instructions on how to disposition ownership
- If joint resolution is not achieved within 30 days, Crossref will suspend the owning member’s ability to deposit new DOI names for the publication
- If joint resolution is not achieved within 60 days, Crossref will modify the appropriate DOI names to a landing page indicating that ownership is in dispute.
At any time during joint resolution deliberation Crossref will accept direction from legal authority specifying how to establish ownership.