The Crossref Curriculum

How do I create reference links?

Step 1: Find DOIs for as many of your references as possible. There are three ways to find DOIs for your references:

  • Simple Text Query - paste your reference lists into this web form, and it will return matches. This is a manual interface, and is suitable for low-volume querying.
  • Simple Text Query upload - upload your reference lists as .txt files and receive query results via email. This is a manual interface, and is suitable for low-volume querying.
  • XML API - submit XML formatted according to the query schema section to our system as individual requests or as a batch upload. This method requires API skills, and allows you significant control over your query execution and results.

Step 2: Display the DOIs in your references: once you have retrieved the relevant DOIs, you must display them as URLs in your references (following our DOI display guidelines).

Last Updated: 2020 April 8 by Laura J. Wilkinson