We offer a wide array of services to ensure that scholarly research metadata is registered, linked, and distributed. When members register their content with us, we collect both bibliographic and non-bibliographic metadata. We process it so that connections can be made between publications, people, organizations, and other associated outputs. We preserve the metadata we receive for the scholarly record. We also make it available across a range of interfaces and formats so that the community can use it and build tools with it.
|Crossref services||About the service and how it benefits you|
|Content Registration||Content Registration allows members to register and update metadata via machine or human interfaces.|
|Reference Linking||Reference Linking enables researchers to follow a link from the reference list to other full-text documents, helping them to make connections and discover new things.|
|Cited-by||Cited-by shows how work has been received by the wider community; displaying the number of times it has been cited, and linking to the citing content.|
|Crossmark||The Crossmark button lets readers see the status of a work by displaying any corrections, retractions, or updates to that record.|
|Metadata Delivery||The collective power of our members’ metadata is available to use through a variety of tools and APIs—allowing anyone to search and reuse the metadata in sophisticated ways.|
|Similarity check||A service provided by Crossref and powered by iThenticate—Similarity Check provides editors with a user-friendly tool to help detect plagiarism.|
|Funder Registry||The Funder Registry allows everyone to have transparency into research funding and its outcomes. It’s an open and unique registry of persistent identifiers for grant-giving organizations around the world.|
Rich metadata leads to greater discoverability
The more complete the metadata registered, the more accurate the view of the scholarly record and the more discoverable the content is to the scholarly community.
Through our Content Registration service, members register and maintain metadata for their content. We are interested in the full range of metadata for each publication, including information on:
Unique identifiers for authors, organizations, and associated scholarly outputs enhance precision and quality Publishers can deposit accurate funder acknowledgment metadata when they apply the unique funder identifier in Crossref’s Funder Registry service, a regularly updated, industry-standard taxonomy of grant-giving organizations.
Linking improves the scholarly enterprise
The complete set of scholarly links spans time, geography, and disciplinary boundaries.
We connect all the metadata elements we can accurately identify, from all phases of publication, across content records in our vast corpus. We link literature to people, literature to resources and associated research artifacts, and soon, literature to the activity surrounding the publication. Amongst the vast web of links, we connect research output content to external tools such as Turnitin’s iThenticate in the Similarity Check service, assisting members in plagiarism detection. With the references deposited by members, Crossref offers a Cited-by service so that participating members can discover all the publications that have cited their content. The upcoming Event Data service will offer links between literature and various platforms where it is shared, discussed, mentioned, referenced, reviewed, and considered.
Metadata is meant to be used
Crossref delivers metadata to systems throughout scholarly communications making content easy to find, cite, link, and assess.
Our Metadata Delivery service supports a diverse range of systems by offering a wide range of formats and interfaces. We do this because the range of organizations who use it – from publishers to libraries, to funders to startups–and how they use it, are diverse. Using metadata facilitates content discoverability–if it’s rich metadata, all the better. Crossmark is a powerful example: Metadata is displayed on publication landing pages through the a widget that gives readers quick and easy access to the current status of an item of content. With one click, readers can see if content has been updated, corrected or retracted and access additional metadata provided by the member.
Academic and professional research travels further if it’s linked to the millions of other published papers. Crossref members register content with us to let the world know it exists, instead of creating thousands of bilateral agreements. They send information called metadata to us. Metadata includes fields like dates, titles, authors, affiliations, funders, and online location. It also includes digital object identifiers (DOIs) that stay with the work even if it moves websites.
Because Crossref is all about rallying the scholarly community to work together, reference linking is an obligation for all Crossref members and for all current journal content. It is encouraged for other content types as well, such as books and conference proceedings. Watch the introductory animation in your language: français; español; português do Brasil; 简体中文; 日本語; 한국어; العربية; Bahasa Indonesia; or English below. Benefits Persistent links enhance scholarly communications.
Researchers cite other people’s work to acknowledge the material they used when writing their own paper. It’s useful to see which articles go on to cite the paper you’re reading, and how it may have built on or challenged its ideas. Cited-by helps members find out who is citing their content, display the counts, and link to the citing content. Members tell us what works their papers are referencing by giving us that information as metadata when they register content.
Crossmark gives readers quick and easy access to the current status of an item of content. With one click, you can see if content has been updated, corrected or retracted and access valuable additional metadata provided by the publisher. Watch the introductory animation in your language: français; español; português do Brasil; 简体中文; 日本語; 한국어; العربية; Bahasa Indonesia; or English below. Benefits Publishers can reassure readers that they’re keeping their content up-to-date and showcase additional metadata.
The collective power of members’ metadata is available for use in a variety of tools and APIs that allow anybody to search and reuse our metadata in sophisticated ways. Watch the introductory animation in your language: français; español; português do Brasil; 简体中文; 日本語; 한국어; العربية; Bahasa Indonesia; or English below. Benefits Lots of people need to incorporate scholarly metadata into their software and services. For example: Manuscript tracking systems Hosting platforms Bibliographic management software Library systems Author profiling tools Specialist subject databases Scholarly sharing networks Metrics and analytics services Collaborative authoring and reading tools Annotation tools Recommendation engines The resulting dissemination of metadata enhances content discoverability.
For editorial originality, Similarity Check helps editors compare the text of submitted papers for similarity. Similarity Check is a service for editors who want an extra check. The service helps our members to actively engage in efforts to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism by providing their editorial teams with access to Turnitin’s powerful text comparison tool, iThenticate. Watch the video below to find out more: Watch the introductory animation in your language: français; español; português do Brasil; 简体中文; 日本語; 한국어; العربية; Bahasa Indonesia; or English below.
A veritable who’s who of funders worldwide, the Crossref Funder Registry is a unique taxonomy of grant-giving organizations. A freely-downloadable file, this registry lists funders and their unique identifiers. It is CC-0 and available to integrate with your own systems. The registry is donated by Elsevier and updated approximately monthly with new funders. Existing entries are also reviewed to make sure that they are accurate and up to date.
Event Data — open for your interpretation Publisher metadata is one side of the story surrounding research outputs, but conversations—and ideas that build further around scholarly research—take place all over the web. So we built a service that captures and records these ‘Events’. Events are comments, links, shares, bookmarks, references, etc. These help tell the fuller story of how research connects. Led by Crossref as a community-governed not-for-profit organization, Event Data provides open, transparent, and traceable information about the provenance and context of every Event.